The beginning of Apartheid started when Asian and African slaves were brought to South Africa in the 18th century when diamonds were discovered. These slaves were stripped of their rights and were treated like property. This continued in 1910, when South Africa became politically independent and made many new laws promoting segregation and white privilege. Non-whites were stripped from their basic human rights as well as the right to vote, travel and own land.
Apartheid officially began in 1948, when the Nationalist Party was elected to govern South Africa. President Daniel Francois Malan won the election and began enforcing policies, which supported the white minority’s belief in racial segregation. During this time, the Population Registration Act was put in place, where South Africans were classified as either white, Colored, Indian or Native. The Group Areas Act located each racial group in a different area in the country and after the Bantu Education Act was passed, Native schools were no longer given any government funding or resources.
Extreme rioting and protesting began in 1960, when a large group of Black South Africans refused to carry their pass books with them. This is when the government declared a state of emergency, which lasted for 156 days. This is known as the Sharpville Massacre, where 69 people were killed and hundreds of people were injured.